Ever since Chinarsquos President, Xi Jinping, first began to claim the reins of power in Beijing nearly two years ago, China watchers have speculated on where he would take the budding superpower. Initially, it was widely held that Xi was more of a folksy, ldquoman of the peoplerdquo than his aloof and expressionless predecessor, Hu Jintao, and that he would be a bolder, more liberal reformer.
So far, though, those assumptions have proved off the mark. He has cracked down severely on social media and dissent, with the apparent aim of strengthening the Communist Partyrsquos grip on society. On the economic front, he announced a sweeping program of liberalization, but hasnrsquot yet implemented it, and the hand of the state rests as heavily on business as before. That has left China analysts grasping at oracle bones to decipher Xirsquos vision for Chinarsquos political future.
However, a picture of Xirsquos agenda is beginning to emerge through the usual haze of secrecy surrounding communist leaders, and it features a man who lived 2,500 years ago: Confucius, the most influential of historyrsquos Chinese philosophers. Simply, Xi is turning to Chinarsquos glorious past to provide an ideological foundation to his 21st century rule.
Though Xi has also invoked other figures from Chinese history mdash from philosophers of competing schools to more modern personalities like Mao Zedong mdash the President seems to take special interest in Confucianism. ldquoDo not impose on others what you yourself do not desire,rdquo he said in a September speech, quoting one of Confuciusrsquos most-famous sayings. Earlier in the year, he extolled the wonders of benevolent rule in an address to party cadres with another, well-known passage from the Analects, the most authoritative text on Confuciusrsquos teachings: ldquoThe rule of virtue can be compared to the polestar which commands the homage of the multitude of stars without leaving its place.rdquo Last year, Xi, like so many Emperors of old, visited Qufu, Confuciusrsquo hometown. During his tour, he pledged to read Confucian texts and praised the continuing value of Chinese traditional culture.The Brief Newsletter Sign up to receive the top stories you need to know right now. View Sample Sign Up Now
There is, of course, great irony here. For the first 30 years of communist rule in China, the party of Mao Zedong had tried to uproot Confucian influence from society, seeing the enduring legacy of Confucius as an impediment to socialism and modernization. During the tumultuous Cultural Revolution, launched by Mao in the mid-1960s, Red Guards rampaged through Qufu, smashing relics and defacing the old Confucian temple. In communist propaganda, Confucius was vilified as a feudal leftover responsible for the oppression of the common man. (责任编辑：彩票代购网站源码) 本文地址：http://www.troxtabo.com/dangjiredian/feicuiyushi/201908/3044.html